How long does probate take?
The Registry claims an expected time of 8 weeks for a perfect application, but this was an average, probably before the current chaos set in, and disguises very wide variations. The good news, in July 2022, is that some applications are coming in at around the 8 week time frame and even earlier! However, where the application isn’t perfect, the average can extend to over 22 weeks, which one imagines leaves a lot of applications taking as long as 10 months to balance out the average. If Inheritance Tax is involved, add a further 4 weeks. If for some reason there is a delay in your finding out the application has been STOPPED and further information requested, then nothing is happening in the meanwhile. So always check after the application has been with the Probate Registry for 8 weeks, allowing for 4 weeks before sending it in if an IHT return is needed (12 weeks in all) if you can get through to 0300 303 0648 or contactprobate @justice.gov.uk (remove the space) and ask for confirmation that it has not been STOPPED.
There are three parts to how long probate takes:
- How long does it take to get all the papers together to apply for probate – typically, anything from 3 to 12 months on more complex estates. But bear in mind that any Inheritance Tax must be paid or an agreement reached where a property is involved no later than the end of the month 6 months after the end of the month in which the person died. It can take over 12 months to gather all of the information in complex cases, perhaps with overseas issues, but should be questioned. But if Inheritance Tax is not paid on time, interest and potential penalties will be charged.
- The second part of what this page on how long does probate take in England and Wales explains is the time taken by the Probate Registry to process and approve the application. The situation is very confused, with some people getting grants within a month, and others getting nowhere after many months. Make sure your legal planning is up to speed, at least that makes it a bit easier. The official line is that you should get your Grant within 8 weeks of all the Registries requirements being met. Often they won’t have any extra requirements, but if your application is incomplete, or you haven’t paid in the right way and included details of the payment with the application, you can expect much longer delays!
- Cases involving IHT400 series documents are likely to take 4 weeks longer, as you have to send them to HMRC 4 weeks before you submit the probate application.
We are often asked “why do solicitors take so long to get probate” and there are different reasons for this, some good, some bad. Bad ones include overloaded staff, mistakes and plain inefficiency amongst the odd firms that think probate is easy, and they don’t need to employ specialists. Good ones include attention to detail and correcting information given to them which is incorrect (and you would be surprised how often banks etc send out incorrect information, which the layman might not spot.) We monitor the firms we refer business to do our best to only deal with efficient firms. We must defend professionals as the delays they are subject to are no different from those of personal applicants, and I would be pretty sure that the professionals have the edge when it comes to avoiding penalties for providing inaccurate or false information.
Back in May 2022 we have heard of folk who submitted and paid for probate applications in December 2021 being rung up and asked to pay the difference between the old fee and the new one which they paid 4 or 5 months ago, since which the Probate Registry has done nothing with it, apart from cash the cheque! Probably a new member of staff, but delays continue to be random, and you should check after 8 weeks from submitting the actual probate application.
Probate Delays Part 1 – How to avoid them.
UPDATE: if any of the documents are 2 sided, make sure you include a note to that effect – apparently the “state of the art” scanners only scan one side, so the second side is a manual operation. If it is missed, that could considerably delay things. That simple error can add months to processing time.
According to the Mail, some problems have arisen from the outsourcing of scanning to a private firm, Exela Technologies, which runs the scanning operation at Harlow (which is actually not a Registry!) That is where you are sending your documents, not direct to a Registry. I am sure there has always been the odd error in scanning, but these days Registry staff don’t normally see the actual documents, just scanned copies. Those of you who have used scanners at speed will realise that mistakes do occur, pages are missed and scans are not always readable. Not that this is new advice, but it is always prudent to keep full copies of everything sent to Harlow, and such copies may at least ease any problems which do occur there or in the post. We have asked Excela for a statement. I can understand the Government trying to reduce costs by speeding up with modern technology and de-skilling, but can’t help but wonder if attempting to centralise the whole of the probate process – which seems to be the intention – serves the people better than adding moderate extra costs to the fees for larger estates. No one wants to wait an hour on a helpline which may or may not be able to help (we suggest emailing and waiting 2 weeks before chasing).
Many cases are “STOPPED” for no obvious reason, though the most common are:
- missing IHT400 forms (often because the IHT400 was sent to HMRC on the same day as the probate application rather than 4 weeks earlier as required, so the two don’t match up immediately.
- IHT205 forms sent to HMRC rather than to the Probate Registry with the application for the Grant.
- Unexplained damage to Wills. Explain it with the application itself.
- Payment issues – often just that the payment reference has not been added to the (separate) paperwork sent to Harlow.
- The second side of each page has been missed. Tell Harlow it is 2 sided with large post-it notes and a note! Apparently, they only have single-sided scanners as standard!
- Account for all executors mentioned in the Will preferably with documentary evidence. Although death certificates are not required for deceased executors, I would still recommend sending a photocopy.
Forget one of these, or skimp on explanation and it could take up to three times as long as if it had been done correctly!
So after the initial 8 weeks waiting time. unless you have won the lottery and already have a grant, always ask for confirmation that the case has not been stopped, just to be on the safe side.
One update which I think may be questionable is the Registry no longer requires death certificates for deceased executors. Hopefully, they do apparently the check themselves, but if not it does rather leave scope for things to go wrong.
Current delays for non-IHT400 cases (on average) are weirdly less if there was no Will at just under 9 weeks, just under 14 weeks if there was a Will. If an IHT 400 was required, then they typically take 4 weeks for the taxman to process before those times even start. Many cases are stopped by HMCTS, sometimes for valid reasons, and that can lead to further delays. But on the bright side, some get through far quicker: it’s a bit of a lottery – much like most things just at the moment. The main lesson is to get the Inheritance Tax forms in at the right time and triple check everything else. If you aren’t sure, we can introduce you to relatively inexpensive checking services.
Before I start, I should say that the Probate Registry will ONLY deal with your lawyers, or if none, then the named executors. No one else has any right to information from them at this stage. (But after the Grant is issued, anyone can get a copy of it and the Will if there is one, once it has actually been made available, which is slower than usual at the moment – it is all “easier” online.) Please don’t chase if you are not the executor, you will just slow things down. Executors should not chase within 8 weeks. But what does 8 weeks actually mean?
If IHT400 forms are involved, NOTHING will happen until clearance has been obtained from HMRC and communicated by them to the Probate Registry. Probate forms should not be submitted until 20 working days after HMRC received the IHT forms. Sending them in earlier may cause further delays as they are put in a pile to await the clearance certificate. This does NOT apply if the IHT205 is appropriate as that goes in with the probate application direct to the scanning firm at Harlow. – What to do after a death?
How long Will Probate Take? Is the application with the Registry?
Firstly, none of the time runs until the probate application has been received by the Registry, something which many people forget. Depending on the complexity of the estate and workload of the person putting the application together, that can mean the clock doesn’t start ticking for anywhere between 3 and 12 months – sometimes longer.
So the first question is to confirm with whoever is doing the paperwork whether the application is in the hands of HMCTS (the Registry is part of Her Majestys Courts Service)?
- If yes, when was it sent?
- If yes, has the fee been paid?
- If yes, have any questions been raised by the Registry? (Or the Taxman) ?
- If yes, have they been fully answered?
- Has a clearance certificate been issued and the number communicated to the Registry by HMRC (not needed with IHT205).
- If yes, then the clock should have started ticking!
Where an IHT 400 is required, 8 weeks means 12 weeks (3 months for all practical purposes) – 20 working days for HMRC to process the IHT400 before you can send the probate application to HMCTS (the probate court) can start their 8 weeks (which is all over the place in reality.) We would strongly recommend checking after the 8 or 12 weeks, as sometimes questions don’t get through, or documents are just misplaced or never arrive at all.
Probate Delays Part 2: What is the current situation at the Probate Registry?
Summary: don’t chase the Registry for at least 8 weeks after they received the application. If the IHT205 was not used, then allow at least a further four weeks for the Taxman (HMRC) to confirm to the Registry that tax matters are in order. Remember, Inheritance Tax has to be paid BEFORE the Grant of Probate or Letters of Administration can be issued. You need a clearance certificate.
Registry update Probate service From 2021 (remember, we are NOT the Registry, we are probate brokers). This is from the Registry.
We (the Probate Registry) are currently unable to provide updates on how your case is progressing. If you have an urgent query please call us on 0300 303 0648, but please be aware we are offering limited telephone service. We are prioritising supporting people who have waited eight weeks after submitting their Probate applications.
If you are seeking support or advice before making an application please use our online website service.
Please visit https://www.gov.uk/applying-for-probate/apply-for-probate and scroll down to our “Get help and advice” section.
Typical probate waiting times:
Probate applications currently take eight weeks to be fully processed. They will contact you when they have reviewed your application if further information is needed. You do not need to do anything until then. (Ed: i.e. do nothing unless they contact you, unless they have had your application for more than 8 weeks. As stated below, you should always use recorded delivery, but the confirmation system at Royal Mail may not be working.)
How are Probate Applications handled?
First, the all-important expected timings for processing ACCURATE and FULLY COMPLETED applications. The target is 4 weeks, but the reality is 8, and sometimes more.
If you are NOT the executor, please don’t delay things further by asking for information, as you are not entitled to it under the Data Protection Act.
Executors are asked not to chase cases for at least 8 weeks unless there are genuinely special circumstances or you will be delaying work.
Enquiries from executors ONLY: 0300 303 0648 or email@example.com
If you just want the Probate Application Pack or have Inheritance Tax queries, call 0300 123 1072.
What has all this to do with us? We’re probate brokers, finding the right level of advice at the right cost for those who need a little – or a lot Legal Advice. We are NOT advisers, but can often point you in the right direction. Contact us on 03 300 102 300 or firstname.lastname@example.org
The Probate Application Process:
If an IHT400 is required, please make sure you send it to the HMRC 3 weeks before the probate application is submitted, ideally with a clearance number. Sending earlier may mean it takes longer for the two things to be tied together.
All non-professional applications are posted to Harlow, though it should be noted that Recorded Delivery records held by the Royal Mail are not always up to date. Harlow address is HMCTS Probate, Po Box 12625, Harlow, CM20 9QE.
Harlow is the initial administration centre for ALL applications by non-professionals where
- All paper applications + supporting documents by personal applicants are scanned and converted into digital cases. Harlow is an administrative centre only does not do any further work on individual cases after scanning the documents sent to it.
- Harlow is also where all supporting documents are sent where personal applicants have applied and where legal professionals have applied digitally. These are scanned and then attached to the digital case.
- Once scanned in, the cases are then processed by Birmingham Courts and Tribunals Service Centre (CTSC) – all contacts are through the number and email above unless you are told otherwise in a specific case.
- Paper applications by legal professionals ONLY are NOT sent to Harlow, they are still sent to Registries and are dealt with as paper cases – we do NOT know which one you should use I am afraid!
16th September 2020 – encouraging news – many Grants are coming through in as little as 4 weeks!
24th August 2020. The Ministry of Justice confirmed that the 8 week period still applies, executors can contact them before that ONLY if it is essential, so it would be prudent to ensure any property buyers are aware of the delays.
Please do not call us if a probate application has been submitted, we cannot help! [mbhi location=”The Probate Department”]
We’re not too sure what is happening at the moment – we have heard of people getting a grant in 8 days (clearly a miracle!) and still waiting with no response to enquiries after more than 3 months! Please try to avoid getting in a situation where you are being pressed to exchange contracts on the sale of the deceased persons’ property with no grant. If it does happen, email the Registry as soon as possible – but they may not be able to help, so manage buyers’ expectations in advance.
There are many reasons for probate delays, other than staffing problems:
- Has the application actually been sent off? It can take a long time to extract the necessary information from some institutions. Ask the person in charge to confirm when the application was posted to the Registry.
- Did you send it to the correct address? There is currently only one, which is: HMCTS Probate, PO Box 12625, HARLOW, CM20 9QE. Applications sent elsewhere may take a while to get into the system.
- Have you paid, and included the payment reference when the application was posted?
- Was it sent Recorded Delivery? Have you checked that it arrived with the Post Office?
- Has any Inheritance Tax been paid, or has an agreement been reached with the HMRC? Nothing will happen if not.
- Has any correspondence been sent to the wrong address, perhaps because you misunderstood the form? If you don’t reply, nothing will happen.
- Check that your payment to the Registry is cleared. If you haven’t paid…….!!!
The next paragraph is an advert, so skip over it if you have already applied.
If you are starting on the process, don’t forget we are Probate Brokers and can organise relatively inexpensive help ranging from half an hours advice through to a fully supported service where you help as much as you can OR the traditional route where you throw everything at a solicitor or other specialist and let them sort it all out. Either way, the cost comes from or should be reimbursed from the estate. Contact Us.
How Long Does Probate Take: Probate Delays Update.
The Probate service is currently unable to provide updates on how your case is progressing in the first 8 weeks. If you have an urgent query please email them (not us!) Please do not contact them while they review your application.
Typical waiting times:
How long does probate take? Probate applications once fully submitted to the Registry currently (allegedly) take eight weeks to be fully processed. They will contact you when they have reviewed your application if they have any questions. You do not need to do anything until then.
Executors: If it is more than 8 weeks, email: email@example.com
I found that a case I had personal involvement in had just been forgotten because the official involved had not actually asked the question they needed the executor to answer. Their staff are just as stressed (if not more so) than the rest of us.
• Please visit www.gov.uk/applying-for-probate to find out if you need to apply for Probate.
• Please visit www.gov.uk/applying-for-probate/apply-for-probate for information on how to apply online and how to access forms and guidance on Probate. This includes information on fees, where to send your Probate forms (PA1A and PA1P), and other forms supporting your application.
If you have an urgent enquiry:
Please email firstname.lastname@example.org. They will respond to all emails as soon as possible.
8th April 2020 – most people are still sending applications to the wrong place, and phoning offices which are closed except for taking money. That aside, delays are allegedly down to 4 weeks once all the ducks are in a row (HMRC approval and payment where necessary, documents in correct place, documents correct, payment correct, payment and documents tied together, no queries). Get one of those wrong and you are not even in the pile to be processed!
Download latest Probate Registry procedure and contact
Has the Grant been issued? This is where to go to check, though we understand that there are serious delays in updating newly issued cases.
Probate Disputes/ Arguments 20th December 2019 We have just discovered that there may be a delay of up to 5 months in making copy Wills and Grants available after probate has been granted. This WILL lead to cases where it is (in theory) too late to contest a Will or Grant within the normal 6 month time limit. It will be at a judges
discretion whether to accept an out of time application, which means more cost and delay. This makes earlier action if there may be a dispute more important, and we have a number of excellent firms who can help in such cases at relatively modest cost. Don’t wait until there is time for the money to be gone!!
It still seems to be pretty much a waste of time to phone Registries, except to make payment on their payment only line. Personally, I would send a cheque to save time. Always used Recorded or Special Delivery.
We did have one enquiry where it turned out that the grant had been issued months before, but for one reason or another, never turned up in the executors’ post! You can check if a grant has been issued HERE and also obtain a copy. Make sure the probate delay is real!
We can’t help with probate delays directly, being a private company, but if you read on you will find out what you can do if the probate registry has not issued your Grant of Probate or Letters of Administration within 8 weeks of it being submitted and complete. The clock stops if the Registry asks any further questions until those questions are fully answered.
As the proposed fee increases have been dropped, for the moment, things should get back to normal.
Please be aware that the majority of grants are printed and posted from bulk printing and that grants can take up to 48 hours to be posted (more over a weekend) after the 4 weeks so please allow up to five days for delivery.
Do not to commit to an exchange or completion deadline when putting properties on the market to sell without Probate being in place as long probate holdups may not be able to accommodate these until the backlog has cleared.
All cases were being processed in date order, a policy which has now been amended to leave those already facing longer probate delays worse off. Please note all registries are working to the same time scales and if need be, work is being shared to ensure that all Registries are issuing around the same date.
Please only contact the Registries about probate holdups if the matter is extremely urgent or if you believe your application was received by the Registry more than 8 weeks ago, and then use the email@example.com email.
They are unable to expedite an application for any other reason.
- Copy Wills
Although no copy will is automatically provided with the grant, please ensure that you submit two plain, uncertified A4 sized copies of the will with your applications.
- Calls from clients
- recent probate delays had lead to an increase in telephone calls received from executors/administrators to chase the progress of an application on the advice of their solicitor. While the Registrars understand the frustration of executors, they ask that this is not suggested to clients as they are unable to discuss any aspect of the application with them UNLESS they have made a personal application.
Please be aware that the majority of grants are printed and posted from bulk printing and that grants can take up to 48 hours to be posted after the above date and so please allow up to five days for delivery.
Please be assured the team are continuing to do all we can to process these cases as quickly as possible.
- Copy Wills
If your application was straightforward…
How long does Probate take? According to the Ministry of Justice, probate cases that have not been granted within 8 weeks need investigating PROVIDED that the Registry has raised no questions with the executor. This stops the clock and the 4 weeks does not restart until the question has been fully resolved.
ADVICE: Play it safe, triple check the forms, send by recorded or special delivery, pay by cheque or bank draft and check that is paid in by the Registry. Then sit and wait. We suspect waiting times would come down if everyone was not chasing up their grants!